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  • How important it is to submit synchronized documents that match in all places while applying for study permit?
    Synchronizing Information: When submitting your supporting documents for Study Permit application you should ensure that the name of the business/company that you are employed by or own as well as the position that you hold is the same on your Resume, Website and all your Social Media Platforms to increase the credibility of your application. Example: Karan, was one of the applicants who was sponsored by his company in which he worked as a CEO. However, during the time of application, the name of the company he had mentioned on his application was different from what was shown on the official website. Due to this, his application had been rejected. It is important to note that the Immigration officers check your LinkedIn profile, resume and official website of the company the student is employed by or owns. All information should be synchronized with any official proof that you are using in the application to strengthen it.
  • How important it is to co-relate your previous schooling and employment such that they are consistent with your intended studies?
    When you are applying for your Study Permit, a main part of convincing the Immigration Officer has to do with the previous studies and/or employment and how they co-relate to your new studies. Therefore, it is important to chart out a proper study plan to understand the reasons and purpose for higher studies in Canada. This helps in proper communication of the plan to the visa officer efficiently and effectively. Failing to provide sufficient information may result in your application being rejected on the grounds that your background does not connect to the field you are looking to pursue. A proper study plan or statement of purpose enables a visa officer to understand why a particular student wants to opt for Canada as their study destination, but they also want to ensure that the student follows their plan sincerely. Example: Behrad applied to DLI for the MBA program. His Study Permit application got rejected as his previous educational and employment background was in Dentistry. He was operating as a Dental Surgeon, therefore his Study Plan was not convincing enough to show how this MBA program can help him in his Dental career.
  • How important it is to have the letter of explanation or study plan? If I am applying for a program that is not related to my previous studies, how can I explain this on my Study Plan?
    It is extremely important to include your Letter of Explanation (LOE) with your application. In this letter, you need to provide a detailed explanation of why you chose this program and why you want to study in Canada. Your choice of program must align with your previous background that would convince the visa officer. Backed by supporting documents of detailed education and/or work history along with the application. In case your intended course or program is not related to your previous studies, explain how this program will help develop your career with newer skills and why you are not able to study this program in your home country.
  • What is SDS and what countries can apply for SDS and why are students from these countries recommended to apply through SDS?
    SDS stands for STUDENT DIRECT STREAM Applying through Student Direct Stream speeds up the Study Permit process, however the student should still meet all the eligibility requirements for a Study Permit to be granted. Countries that can apply for SDS: Antigua and Barbuda, Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, Morocco, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago and Vietnam If the student DOES NOT meet the requirements, IRCC won’t issue a Study Permit Requirements: Proof of a valid language test result, completed within 2 years of the date the SDS application was received, showing either of the following: an International English Language Testing System (IELTS) score of 6.0 or higher in each language skill: listening, reading, writing and speaking a Test d’Evaluation de Français (TEF) score that is equivalent to a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) score of at least 7 for each ability: at least 310 for speaking, 249 for listening, 207 for reading and 310 for writing Proof of a Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC) of CAN$10,000 or more from any bank insured by the Example: Amandeep is student who is from India whose intake starts in January but currently, we are in October, it would be beneficial to look into applying through the SDS stream. That is due to the fact that the Study Permit application will be processed much faster and he will be able to have an answer within 20 days as opposed to 14 weeks which is the normal processing times. Also, only 7 countries can apply through this steam.
  • What are the required documents to be eligible for Nigerian Student Express and what is the process of applying?
    You need to be a Nigerian citizen or legal resident of Nigeria. You must have an offer of admission from a Canadian post-secondary institute for a Bachelors, Masters, PhD or post-graduate diploma. You must have the equivalent of 30,000 Canadian dollars in your bank account for at least 6 months. Example: Sunny is a Nigerian student that had submitted an application for the MBA program for January intake. A few weeks after submitting his application he received a letter from IRCC that he qualifies for the Nigeria Student Express program. If Sunny is able to submit the required documents at the set deadline he can have his application processed within a shorter time.
  • Are immediate family members allowed to travel along with students i.e Spouse or children? Is it recommended?
    Spouse open workpermit : Yes, you are allowed to bring your spouse or common-law partner, and dependent children, with you to Canada. They may be eligible for a study or work permit, or a visitor visa. You must submit their applications online when you apply for your study permit or you can invite them later once you land in Canada and start studying. According to the new updates from IRCC, Only spouses of study permit holders who are eligible for a post-graduation work permit (PGWP) may apply for the spousal open work permit. For Example: Dorain is a married student applying alone for an MBA program and only upon receiving the visa, he was able to apply for the spouse open work permit.program in your home country.
  • Who can sponsor a student in Canada?
    Do not forget that your sponsor can be your parents, relatives or guardian. The point here is to be able to prove that the stated funds in the sponsor’s letter are indeed available through bank financial statements and the sources of the fund are genuine and can be traced. It is also very essential to include evidence of your relationship with your sponsor.
  • How can my age affect my application?
    A number of factors affect an application’s approval by the Canadian government. Age doesn’t affect negatively if you are able to show a strong study plan backed by good reasons and interests that can give you greater advantage than your younger peers. Example: Shirin is a 30 year old applicant with a study plan that gave a clear explanation on the reason for studying MBA course as she wants to go back to her homeland and build her family business with the expertise and skills taught in the MBA program. A proper convincing explanation with genuine reasons and proof of strong ties with homeland can trump the age card.
  • How can a person on a visitor visa apply for a study permit within Canada?
    Applying for Study Permit Within Canada There are several categories of people that are eligible to apply for their Study Permit from within Canada. Part of those groups are persons who have completed a short-term course or program of study that is a prerequisite to their enrolling at a DLI. Example: Lien is a prospective student who is looking to start the Business Management program. She is currently in Canada on a Visitor Visa and looking to improve her English. Therefore, she registered with TSOM to take English classes. Once she completes this program and receives her certificate, she is eligible to apply for her Study Permit within Canada.
  • Can I return home or travel outside Canada while studying?
    A work permit or study permit is not a visa. IRCC won’t automatically issue you a visitor visa if you extend your work or study permit. If you need a new visitor visa, you may need to submit a separate application. You should apply at least 2 months before you plan to leave Canada. You can apply for a visitor visa from inside Canada if you meet all the conditions below: you’re already in Canada you hold a valid study or work permit you want to leave and return to Canada in the near future. your existing visitor visa is expired or was valid for only one entry Example: Thomas is a student with TSOM who has renewed his Study Permit, however he has not renewed his Temporary Resident Visa. In order, for Thomas to be able to travel he needs to also apply separately for his Visa. His Study Permit is what keeps him in the country but in order to travel he needs to apply for a visit visa separately.
  • What are the main factors that enhance the chances of success for a study permit application?
    Greater probability to succeed if these boxes are checked: Strong Financials: The required documents usually include bank statement, employer letter or financial support letter or other documentation supporting the applicant’s financial capacity. Previous Education in line with the program applied: It is important that the intended study program should have a fall back with the previous work and/or study history. There must be a strong match between the current program applied for and the previous education and employment fields in which the applicant has graduated or worked for. Strong Ties with homeland: Applicants should prove their ties from multiple components such as an existing and legitimate job or job offer or spouse, children, or parents in their home country. For example: If a student is a sole applicant and the spouse or children will remain in their own country this significantly amplifies a strong tie to one’s home country and illustrates a clear and brighter career path for their return. Further examples of strong ties to one’s country include owning property in home country or shares of a company based in the student’s country. An example of an ineffective tie to one’s home country would be that of a Chinese citizen having property in Europe. The property must be owned and registered in the country of student’s origin. Previous Travel History: In addition, good travel history such as previously visiting countries like Canada, USA or Australia and not just countries bordering home countries is viewed very positive.
  • How important is the Financial Proof in your study permit application? What are the essential financial documents to be submitted for success of the application?
    Strong financial proof is one of the main winning factors. Students who are looking to submit their Study Permit application need to be mindful of the Financial Support they are showing. The documents the students will provide can be different based on their unique application but the primary documents every student is required to provide are the following: 1. Proof of your bank balance and bank statements for the past 4 months which includes minimum 10,000 dollars, plus first year tuition fee for any provinces except Quebec. 2. Proof of an education or student loan from a financial institution. 3. A letter from your sponsor or institution providing you with the fund. 4. Proof of paid tuition fees and it is recommended to pay the first-year tuition fees regardless of what amount the institution is asking. 5. It is important to mention that the funds should not be deposited in bulk amounts few days or weeks prior to the submission. It should be consistent transactions. 6. Evidence of passive income for your second year of studies (example rental property) Example: Samuel had submitted his Study Permit application with his mother being his financial supporter. His mother’s overall statements were modest, however prior to submitting his application large amounts were deposited into her account which caused the Immigration Officer to be convinced that behavior was not genuine enough and the source of funding created suspicion that resulted in the rejection of his application. So, always ensure financial proofs are genuine and legit.
  • What is the importance of submitting official language test?
    If you are planning to study in Canada, then IELTS Academic can help you get there. It is the world’s most popular and high staked English proficiency test. It is accepted by (IRCC) to assess the English proficiency of the immigrant. · A study visa for Canada requires the Student to score at least 5.5 in each of the four IELTS bands requirements with an overall minimum score of 6.0 and above for undergraduate & diploma programs. • Graduate courses, on the other hand, require a minimum Ielts score of 6.0 in each band and an overall IELTS score of 6.5 and above. But if you decide to pursue a degree in engineering program, Teaching or Education Studies, do note that the minimum Ielts score is 7.0 overall and per band.
  • Is Duolingo accepted by IRCC?
    If you are applying under the SDS program, you have to take IELTS academics or general (valid for the last 24 months) compulsorily. Unfortunately, Duolingo is not an option for those applying for SDS. Luckily, the regular stream does not make it a mandate to take a language test. However, we highly recommend taking one of the English language tests such as IELTS academics, TOEFL etc. Therefore, you could use Duolingo for your study permit application but IELTS academic is the priority as it may help in increasing your chances to receive an approval.
  • What are the risks of applying from a country that is not my country of origin?
    When applying for your Study Permit you would need to ensure that you have a resident permit or a valid status for minimum six months in the country you are applying from. Not having a valid status or having a status that will be expiring soon will affect your application and may result in a rejection. Example: Harpreet who is an Indian citizen moved to Denmark to complete her studies there for 4 years. She then decided to apply for the MBA program from Denmark. Her application ended up getting rejected as she failed to convince the Immigration Officer that her current status in Denmark is valid.
  • How important it is to submit honest and genuine documents and What are the consequences of submitting fraudulent documents to IRCC?
    It is a serious crime to lie, or to send false information or documents to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). This is fraud. It’s called “misrepresentation.” Strict action is taken against those submitting Fake documents. Fraud Documents would also include providing false information on your study permit applications with IRCC. Document fraud can involve either false or altered documents, such as: 1. passports and travel documents 2. Visas 3. diplomas, degrees, and apprenticeship or trade papers 4. certificates of birth, marriage, final divorce, annulment, separation, or death and police certificates. Consequences: If you lie on an application or in an interview with an IRCC officer, this is also fraud. It’s a crime. If you send false documents or information, we’ll refuse your application. We may also: - forbid you from entering Canada for at least 5 years - give you a permanent record of fraud with us - take away your status as a permanent resident or Canadian citizen - have you charged with a crime or - remove you from Canada IRCC has a real time access to countries such as USA, Australia, New Zealand, UK etc so it is important to be transparent about previous travel history if any. Example: Student applied for US – F1 visa in 2019 but he did not disclose this information in his study permit application form. Due to which, it was refused.
  • What are the common reasons for refusal?
    a. Lack of sufficient funds: Applicants are required to provide proof of adequate funds for the first year of their program and living expenses for themselves and additional family members if any. It is also expected that the candidate has proof of passive income for the subsequent years of study as per the program duration. b. Choice of Study program: Choice of program must align with previous education and/or work history. c. Lack of Ties to home country: Lack of family ties, assets or opportunity in home country. d. Lack of Travel history: Lack of foreign travel history can raise red flags. Visa officer wants to see a history of timely return to home country. e. Low level of English: An official English or French exam is important. IELTS score is not required for non SDS categories. However, for the SDS countries it is highly expected that the applicant meets the minimum IELTS required score.
  • In the case of visa refusal, what are the three main strategies to be followed?
    Upon refusal, you may follow one of the strategies for re-application. It is crucial that you apply for reconsideration within the first couple of days after receiving a refusal letter. These are the three main ways in which this could be done: Defend: Reconsideration: Correspond with the visa office and request that they reconsider their decision. Reconsideration is an opportunity for the applicant to either point out an oversight committed by the visa officer or advise the visa officer of evidence which was overlooked at the time when the refusal was made. Amend: Reapply: Identify mistakes or missing information and reapply. We usually recommend reapplying after receiving the ATIP. Appeal: Applicant from outside of Canada has 60 days from date of refusal to file for judicial review. Example: Katerina is a prospective student with whose Study Permit application got rejected. In this case Katerina may be able to submit a reconsideration letter if she has strong reasons to believe the outcome should have been different. In her reconsideration letter she may be able to include new or existing proof of her documents. The Immigration officer may not respond to this request however it is worth giving it a chance!
  • What is the judicial review process and who are the ones eligible for judicial review?
    (To show the grey part as text on screen in case of a video recording) Step 01: File the application for judicial review to begin the judicial review process. For applications made outside of Canada, you have 60 days from the date of refusal letter to begin the Judicial Review process. If you do not have the GCMS notes, you must wait to receive the Rule 9 officer notes, which generally takes between 2-6 weeks to receive, depending on the visa office If you already have the GCMS notes, then we can proceed to Step 2 The Rule 9 notes are equivalent to the GCMS notes, which provides details about why the officer refused your application. We cannot proceed to Step 2 until we receive the Rule 9 notes and assess the officer’s detailed reasons. The refusal letter you received is not the same as the GCMS notes. Step 02: Prepare a settlement proposal. We begin preparing a settlement offer to try and settle the case early with the IRCC lawyer. This will take us approximately 2 weeks to prepar The settlement proposal will highlight all applicable errors made by the visa officer. You will be provided with a copy of the settlement proposal for your review and approval before we submit it to the IRCC lawyer Once the settlement proposal is submitted, we generally provide the IRCC lawyer with 2 weeks to respond but this may vary depending on their schedule. If the settlement proposal is accepted, your refusal will be cancelled and application will be reopened for re-determination. If the settlement proposal is refused, then we proceed to Step 3. ** Our goal is to always try to settle at this Step, but keep in mind that this does not always happen. * Step 03: Prepare Application Record (AR) The Application Record expands on the settlement offer with more technical and detailed arguments. This is a much longer and formal submission, since this will be reviewed by a Federal Judge. The deadline to submit the Application Record is always 30 days from the date we receive the Rule 9 notes (as mentioned in Step 1) Once we submit the Application Record, the IRCC lawyer will have 30 days to provide their own arguments and respond to the arguments made in the Application Record. Once we receive the IRCC lawyer’s response, we proceed to Step 4 Step 04: Wait for judge to make final decision. The federal judge will review all the arguments from both sides. This process generally takes 6-8 months, but varies depending on how busy the court is. If the judge finds that the visa officer made an error, then the judge will grant “leave” (leave = permission) to proceed to a hearing. At the hearing, we will present oral arguments to the court. If the hearing is won, your application will be reopened for re-determination If the hearing is lost, your file is closed and the appeal is over. If the judge finds that the officer did not make an error, then the judge will dismiss your application and the appeal is over. and receives her certificate, she is eligible to apply for her Study Permit within Canada.
  • What are the top 3 mistakes in your study permit application and how can you avoid them?
    Finally, let us summarize the top three mistakes that are most likely to be made in an application. Hopefully, it may help avoid any future issues that one may come across. First off, the Study permit processing time while applying from outside Canada is now centralized as 13 weeks across all countries (subject to change). Apply 3 months before the start date of your program to avoid last minute hassles. It is best to apply early and not too close to the start date to avoid refusal. Second, honesty is important, and no information should be withheld. Some applicants choose to hide background information. Doing so, has very serious and negative implications and the result is not worth the loss. When uploading various documents always ensure sufficient financial and supportive documents are submitted. Never submit fraudulent documents. If IRCC finds an applicant submitted a fake document, the person would be banned from applying or staying in Canada for 5 years. If someone has such a record on file, it is difficult for future applications not only to Canada but also to other countries like the USA as there is an information exchange between the governments of countries Third - Proper study plan – Failure to show a proper study plan as discussed in the start can lower the chances of approval. All in all, if the applicant can prove everything he or she has as a legitimate tie to his homeland and the main purpose of going to Canada is to study, getting a visa is not that difficult.
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